Unilateral total hip replacement patients with symptomatic leg length inequality have abnormal hip biomechanics during walking

Li, Junyan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4053-8334, McWilliams, Anthony B., Jin, Zhongmin, Fisher, John, Stone, Martin H., Redmond, Anthony C. and Stewart, Todd D. (2015) Unilateral total hip replacement patients with symptomatic leg length inequality have abnormal hip biomechanics during walking. Clinical Biomechanics, 30 (5) . pp. 513-519. ISSN 0268-0033 [Article] (doi:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2015.02.014)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Symptomatic leg length inequality accounts for 8.7% of total hip replacement related claims made against the UK National Health Service Litigation authority. It has not been established whether symptomatic leg length inequality patients following total hip replacement have abnormal hip kinetics during gait.

METHODS

Hip kinetics in 15 unilateral total hip replacement patients with symptomatic leg length inequality during gait was determined through multibody dynamics and compared to 15 native hip healthy controls and 15 'successful' asymptomatic unilateral total hip replacement patients.

FINDING

More significant differences from normal were found in symptomatic leg length inequality patients than in asymptomatic total hip replacement patients. The leg length inequality patients had altered functions defined by lower gait velocity, reduced stride length, reduced ground reaction force, decreased hip range of motion, reduced hip moment and less dynamic hip force with a 24% lower heel-strike peak, 66% higher mid-stance trough and 37% lower toe-off peak. Greater asymmetry in hip contact force was also observed in leg length inequality patients.

INTERPRETATION

These gait adaptions may affect the function of the implant and other healthy joints in symptomatic leg length inequality patients. This study provides important information for the musculoskeletal function and rehabilitation of symptomatic leg length inequality patients.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biophysics and Bioengineering group
Item ID: 21902
Notes on copyright: © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Junyan Li
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2017 15:37
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2020 22:04
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/21902

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