A cross-sectional study of depressive symptoms and diabetes self-care in African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos with diabetes: the role of self-efficacy

Hernandez, Rosalba, Ruggiero, Laurie, Prohaska, Thomas R., Chavez, Noel, Boughton, Seth W., Peacock, Nadine, Zhao, Weihan and Nouwen, Arie ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0609-4082 (2016) A cross-sectional study of depressive symptoms and diabetes self-care in African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos with diabetes: the role of self-efficacy. Diabetes Educator, 42 (4) . pp. 452-461. ISSN 0145-7217 [Article] (doi:10.1177/0145721716654008)

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Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between depressive symptoms and diabetes self-care in African American and Hispanic/Latino patients with type 2 diabetes and whether the association, if any, is mediated by diabetes-related self-efficacy.

Methods
The sample included self-report baseline data of African American and Hispanic/Latino patients with type 2 diabetes who were aged ≥18 years and enrolled in a diabetes self-management intervention study. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire. The Summary of Diabetes Self-care Activities measured engagement in healthy eating, physical activity, blood glucose checking, foot care, and smoking. The Diabetes Empowerment Scale–Short Form assessed diabetes-related psychosocial self-efficacy. Indirect effects were examined with the Baron and Kenny regression technique and Sobel testing.

Results
Sample characteristics (n = 250) were as follows: mean age of 53 years, 68% women, 54% African American, and 74% with income <$20 000. Depressive symptoms showed a significant inverse association with the self-care domains of general diet, specific diet, physical activity, and glucose monitoring in the African American group. In Hispanics/Latinos, depression was inversely associated with specific diet. Self-efficacy served a significant mediational role in the relation between depression and foot care among African Americans.

Conclusions
Self-efficacy mediated the relationship between depression and foot care in the African American group but was not found to be a mediator of any self-care areas within the Hispanic/Latino group. In clinical practice, alleviation of depressive symptoms may improve self-care behavior adherence. Diabetes education may consider inclusion of components to build self-efficacy related to diabetes self-care, especially among African American patients.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Applied Health Psychology group
Item ID: 21541
Notes on copyright: Rosalba Hernandez, PhD, Laurie Ruggiero, PhD, Thomas R. Prohaska, PhD, Noel Chavez, PhD, RD, LDN, Seth W. Boughton, MSW, Nadine Peacock, PhD, Weihan Zhao, PhD, Arie Nouwen, PhD, A Cross-sectional Study of Depressive Symptoms and Diabetes Self-care in African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos With Diabetes: The Role of Self-efficacy, The Diabetes Educator,
Vol 42, Issue 4, pp. 452 - 461. Copyright © 2016 The Author(s) . Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.
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Depositing User: Arie Nouwen
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2017 16:29
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2021 17:35
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/21541

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