Trying to end the war on the world: the campaign to proscribe military ecocide

Hough, Peter ORCID logoORCID: (2016) Trying to end the war on the world: the campaign to proscribe military ecocide. Global Security: Health, Science and Policy, 1 (1) . pp. 10-22. ISSN 2377-9497 [Article] (doi:10.1080/23779497.2016.1208055)

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Military ecocide, the destruction of the natural environment in the course of fighting or preparing for war, has a long history and remains a regular feature of contemporary conflicts. Efforts to prohibit this in international law were initiated after the US’ notorious defoliation campaign in the Vietnam War in the 1960s and have advanced since then. Legal ambiguities and the defence of military necessity have limited the application of this body of law but the proscription of ecocide has, nonetheless, progressed and looks set to develop further. Normative change driven by scientists, environmentalists and legal experts has raised awareness of and stigmatised such practises to the extent that recourse to the worst excesses of ecocide now appears to have lessened and some recompense for past crimes has been made. Military activities, though, still inflict a heavy cost on the environment.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Law > Law and Politics
Item ID: 20203
Notes on copyright: © 2016 the author(s). Published by informa uK limited, trading as taylor & Francis Group. this is an open access article distributed under the terms of the creative commons attribution license (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Depositing User: Peter Hough
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2016 10:42
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2021 18:18

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