Oil supply between OPEC and non-OPEC based on game theory

Chang, Yuwen, Yi, Jiexin, Yan, Wei, Yang, Xin-She ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8231-5556, Zhang, Song, Gao, Yifan and Wang, Xi (2014) Oil supply between OPEC and non-OPEC based on game theory. International Journal of Systems Science, 45 (10) . pp. 2127-2132. ISSN 0020-7721 [Article] (doi:10.1080/00207721.2012.762562)


The competing strategies between OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) and non-OPEC producers make the oil supply market a complex system, and thus, it is very difficult to model and to make predictions. In this paper, we combine the macro-model based on game theory and micro-model to propose a new approach for forecasting oil supply. We take into account the microscopic behaviour in the clearing market and also use the game relationships to adjust oil supplies in our approach. For the supply model, we analyse and consider the different behaviour of non-OPEC and OPEC producers. According to our analysis, limiting the oil supply, and thus maintaining oil price, is the best strategy for OPEC in the low-price scenario, while the rising supply is the best strategy in the high-price scenario. No matter what the oil price is, the dominant strategy for non-OPEC producers is to increase their oil supply. In the high-price scenario, OPEC will try to deplete non-OPEC’s share in the oil supply market, which is to OPEC’s advantage.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published online: 21 Jan 2013
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Design Engineering and Mathematics
Item ID: 19459
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Xin-She Yang
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2016 10:58
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2019 13:07
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/19459

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