Physical characteristics underpinning repetitive lunging in fencing

Turner, Anthony N. ORCID logoORCID:, Marshall, Geoff, Philips, James, Noto, Angelo, Buttigieg, Conor, Chavda, Shyam ORCID logoORCID:, Downing, William, Atlay, Nathan, Dimitriou, Lygeri ORCID logoORCID: and Kilduff, Liam P. (2016) Physical characteristics underpinning repetitive lunging in fencing. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30 (11) . pp. 3134-3139. ISSN 1064-8011 [Article] (doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001402)

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Given the repetitive demand to execute lunging and changes in direction within fencing, the ability to sustain these at maximal capacity is fundamental to performance. The aim of this study was threefold. Firstly to provide normative values for this variable referred to as repeat lunge ability (RLA) and secondly to identify the physical characteristics that underpin it. Thirdly, was to establish if a cause and effect relationship existed by training the associated characteristics. Assessment of lower body power, reactive strength, speed, change of direction speed (CODS) and a sport specific RLA were conducted on senior and junior elite male fencers (n = 36). Fencers were on average (± SD) 18.9 ± 3.2 years of age, 174.35 ± 10.42 cm tall, 70.67 ± 7.35 kg in mass, and 8.5 ± 4.2 years fencing experience. The RLA test had average work times of 16.03 s ± 1.40 and demonstrated "large" to "very large" associations with all tested variables, but in particular CODS (r = .70) and standing broad jump (SBJ; r = -68). Through linear regression analysis, these also provided a two-predictor model accounting for 61% of the common variance associated with RLA. A cause and effect relationship with SBJ and CODS was confirmed by the training group, where RLA performance in these fencers improved from 15.80 ± 1.07 s to 14.90 ± 0.86 s, with the magnitude of change reported as "moderate" (ES = 0.93). Concurrent improvements were also noted in both SBJ (216.86 cm ± 17.15 vs. 221.71 ± 17.59 cm) and CODS (4.44 ± 0.29 s s. 4.31 ± 0.09 s) and while differences were only significant in SBJ, magnitudes of change were classed as "small" (ES = 0.28) and "moderate" (ES = 0.61)respectively. In conclusion, to improve RLA strength and conditioning coaches should focus on improving lower-body power and reactive strength, noting that jump training and plyometrics designed to enhance horizontal propulsion may be most effective, and translate to improvement in CODS also.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute
Item ID: 19178
Notes on copyright: This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in: Turner, A.N. et al., 2016. Physical Characteristics Underpinning Repetitive Lunging in Fencing. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(11), pp.3134–3139. Available at:
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Depositing User: Anthony Turner
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2016 10:58
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 21:29

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