Effect of religiosity/spirituality and sense of coherence on depression within a rural population in Greece: the Spili III project

Anyfantakis, Dimitrious, Symvoulakis, Emmanouil K., Linardakis, Manolis, Shea, Sue, Panagiotakos, Demosthenes and Lionis, Christos (2015) Effect of religiosity/spirituality and sense of coherence on depression within a rural population in Greece: the Spili III project. BMC Psychiatry, 15 . ISSN 1471-244X [Article] (doi:10.1186/s12888-015-0561-3)

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Abstract

Background: Recent research has addressed the hypothesis that religiosity/spirituality and sense of coherence buffer the negative effects of stress on numerous health issues. The aim of the current study was to further this work by exploring potential links between psycho-social factors such as religiosity/ spirituality and sense of coherence with depression.

Methods: A total of 220 subjects of the SPILI III cohort (1988-2012) attending a primary care setting in the town of Spili on rural Crete represented the target group. All participants underwent a standardized procedure. Validated questionnaires were used to evaluate sense of coherence, depression levels and religious and spiritual beliefs. A multiple linear regression analysis of the Beck Depression Inventory Scale (BDI) in relation to demographic characteristics, scores on the Royal Free Interview for Spiritual and Religious Beliefs scale (RFI-SRB) and Sense of Coherence scale (SOC) was used.

Results: A significant inverse association was found between BDI and RFI-SRB scale (B-coef=-0.6999, p<0.001), as well as among BDI and SOC scale (B-coef=-0.556, p<0.001).

Conclusions: The findings of the current observational study indicate that highly religious participants are less likely to score high in the depression scale. Furthermore, participants with high SOC scored significantly low in the BDI scale. Further research is required in order to explore the potential effect of SOC and religiosity/spirituality in mental health.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article number = 173
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education
Item ID: 17993
Depositing User: Sue Shea
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2015 14:35
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2021 05:15
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/17993

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