Active versus passive acquisition of spatial knowledge while controlling a vehicle in a virtual urban space in drivers and non-drivers

Sandamas, George and Foreman, Nigel (2015) Active versus passive acquisition of spatial knowledge while controlling a vehicle in a virtual urban space in drivers and non-drivers. SAGE Open, 5 (3) . pp. 1-9. ISSN 2158-2440 [Article] (doi:10.1177/2158244015595443)

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Abstract

Historically real world studies have indicated a spatial learning advantage for active explorers of environments over those whose experience is more passive; a common contrast is made between car drivers and passengers. An experiment was conducted to explore the dual hypotheses that active explorers learn more about the layout of a virtual environment than passive observers and that real world car drivers will learn more regardless of their experimental Active/Passive status. Consistent with earlier studies in VEs, there was no benefit from activity (controlling exploration/movement), arguably because input control competes with spatial information acquisition. However, the results showed that Drivers were more accurate than Non-Drivers at indicating the positions of target locations on a map, in both active and passive conditions and had better route scores than Non-Drivers in the passive condition. It is argued that driving experience may convey a spatial learning advantage over and above activity per se.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published 23 July 2015
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Item ID: 17539
Notes on copyright: Creative Commons CC BY: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
(http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further
permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (http://www.uk.sagepub.com/aboutus/openaccess.htm).
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Dr George Sandamas
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2015 09:53
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 22:35
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/17539

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