Evaluating quantum neural network filtered motor imagery brain-computer interface using multiple classification techniques

Gandhi, Vaibhav ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1121-7419, Prasad, Girijesh, Coyle, Damien, Behera, Laxmidhar and McGinnity, Thomas Martin (2015) Evaluating quantum neural network filtered motor imagery brain-computer interface using multiple classification techniques. Neurocomputing, 170 . pp. 161-167. ISSN 0925-2312 [Article] (doi:10.1016/j.neucom.2014.12.114)


The raw EEG signal acquired non-invasively from the sensorimotor cortex during the motor imagery (MI) performed by a brain-computer interface (BCI) user is naturally embedded with noise while the actual noise-free EEG is still unattainable. This paper compares the enhancement in information when filtering these noisy EEG signals while using a Schrodinger wave equation (SWE) based recurrent quantum neural network (RQNN) model and a Savitzky-Golay (SG) filtering model, while investigating over multiple classification techniques on several datasets. The RQNN model is designed to efficiently capture the statistical behavior of the input signal using an unsupervised learning scheme. The algorithm is robust to parametric sensitivity and does not make any a priori assumption about the true signal type or the embedded noise. The performance of both the filtering approaches, investigated for the BCI competition IV 2b dataset as well as the offline datasets on subjects in the BCI laboratory, over multiple classifiers shows that the RQNN can potentially be a flexible technique that can suit different classifiers for real-time EEG signal filtering. The average classification accuracy performance across all the subjects with the RQNN technique is better than the SG (and the unfiltered signal) by approx. 5% (and 7%) and 1% (and 4%) during the training and the evaluation stages respectively.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Recurrent Quantum Neural Network (RQNN), Brain-computer interface (BCI), EEG, Filtering
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology
A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science
A. > School of Science and Technology > Design Engineering and Mathematics
Item ID: 17368
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Vaibhav Gandhi
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2015 09:35
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2020 16:46
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/17368

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