Stability and bone preservation in custom designed revision hip stems

Walker, Peter S., Culligan, Simon G., Hua, Jia ORCID logoORCID:, Muirhead-Allwood, Sarah K. and Bentley, George (2000) Stability and bone preservation in custom designed revision hip stems. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 373 . pp. 164-173. ISSN 0009-921X [Article] (doi:10.1097/00003086-200004000-00020)


Three types of uncemented femoral stems were designed for patients having revision hip surgery, with the goals of promoting axial stability and preserving proximal bone stock. These stems were made individually using computer design and manufacturing technology. Various design features were examined using nonlinear finite element analysis. All stems had lateral, medial, and anterior flares in the proximal region, proximal hydroxyapatite coating, and a collar. Based on a published classification system, the three designs were found suitable for variously encountered cavitary defects. For cases involving small amounts of bone destruction, a primary type of stem was used. With severe cases, an extended polished stem was used. For the worst cases, an extended stem with longitudinal cutting flutes and complete hydroxyapatite coating was necessary. The axial migration was measured radiographically for a 2-year period. The migration rates were comparable with those seen in cemented primary and in custom primary hydroxyapatite coated stems. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry data were obtained during a 4-year postoperative period. Average bone density in all regions was maintained within 12% of the immediate postoperative values. It was concluded that the proposed system for treating patients needing revision hip surgery showed desirable properties that were comparable to primary hip replacements.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biophysics and Bioengineering group
Item ID: 16580
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Depositing User: Jia Hua
Date Deposited: 29 May 2015 14:06
Last Modified: 30 May 2019 18:33

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