Defending nature: the evolution of the international legal restriction of military ecocide

Hough, Peter ORCID logoORCID: (2015) Defending nature: the evolution of the international legal restriction of military ecocide. In: Capaldo, G. (ed) Global Community Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence. Oxford University Press. . [Book Section]

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Military Eecocide—the wanton destruction of the environment in the course of warfare—emerged as a term in the early 1970s in the wake of the United States’US’s infamous jungle defoliation campaign Operation Ranch Hand. International moral outrage at the campaign allied to the general rise of ecological consciousness soon prompted the codification of international laws criminalizing such strategies. Implementation of these provisions, though, has been very limited owing to their ambiguity, which still permits military necessity to be cited in defence of environmental damage. However, in spite of this, the moral tide has turned against ecocide and there is reason to believe that assaults on the environment as brazen as Operation Ranch Hand are unlikely to be seen again with the emergence of a clearer global consensus on the immorality of such acts and greater governmental awareness of the reputational costs of ignoring this.

Item Type: Book Section
Research Areas: A. > School of Law > Law and Politics
Item ID: 15551
Notes on copyright: Do not have permission due to copyright.
Depositing User: Peter Hough
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2015 15:37
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2019 20:35

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