Effect of vicarious fear learning on children’s heart rate responses and attentional bias for novel animals

Reynolds, Gemma ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2893-6380, Field, Andy P. and Askew, Chris (2014) Effect of vicarious fear learning on children’s heart rate responses and attentional bias for novel animals. Emotion, 14 (5) . pp. 995-1006. ISSN 1528-3542 [Article] (doi:10.1037/a0037225)

PDF - Published version (with publisher's formatting)
Download (321kB) | Preview


Research with children has shown that vicarious learning can result in changes to 2 of Lang’s (1968) 3 anxiety response systems: subjective report and behavioral avoidance. The current study extended this research by exploring the effect of vicarious learning on physiological responses (Lang’s final response system) and attentional bias. The study used Askew and Field’s (2007) vicarious learning procedure and demonstrated fear-related increases in children’s cognitive, behavioral, and physiological responses. Cognitive and behavioral changes were retested 1 week and 1 month later, and remained elevated. In addition, a visual search task demonstrated that fear-related vicarious learning creates an attentional bias for novel animals, which is moderated by increases in fear beliefs during learning. The findings demonstrate that vicarious learning leads to lasting changes in all 3 of Lang’s anxiety response systems and is sufficient to create attentional bias to threat in children.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Item ID: 15253
Notes on copyright: © 2014 The Author(s)
This article has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s). Author(s) grant(s) the American Psychological Association the exclusive right to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Gemma Reynolds
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2015 11:35
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 23:19
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/15253

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Activity Overview
6 month trend
6 month trend

Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.