Stimulus fear-relevance and the vicarious learning pathway to childhood fears

Askew, Chris, Dunne, Guler, Ozdil, Zehra, Reynolds, Gemma ORCID logoORCID: and Field, Andy P. (2013) Stimulus fear-relevance and the vicarious learning pathway to childhood fears. Emotion, 13 (5) . pp. 915-925. ISSN 1528-3542 [Article] (doi:10.1037/a0032714)


Enhanced fear learning for fear-relevant stimuli has been demonstrated in procedures with adults in the laboratory. Three experiments investigated the effect of stimulus fear-relevance on vicarious fear learning in children (aged 6–11 years). Pictures of stimuli with different levels of fear-relevance (flowers, caterpillars, snakes, worms, and Australian marsupials) were presented alone or together with scared faces. In line with previous studies, children’s fear beliefs and avoidance preferences increased for stimuli they had seen with scared faces. However, in contrast to evidence with adults, learning was mostly similar for all stimulus types irrespective of fear-relevance. The results support a proposal that stimulus preparedness is bypassed when children observationally learn threat-related information from adults.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Item ID: 15251
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Depositing User: Gemma Reynolds
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2015 16:55
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2023 14:41

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