Risk factors and psychological outcomes of bullying victimization: a community-based study

Bifulco, Antonia ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8316-9706, Schimmenti, Adriano, Jacobs, Catherine, Bunn, Amanda and Rusu, Adina C. (2014) Risk factors and psychological outcomes of bullying victimization: a community-based study. Child Indicators Research . ISSN 1874-897X [Article] (doi:10.1007/s12187-014-9236-8)


To understand the negative impact of bullying on the psychological well-being of children and adolescents we need to examine the associated context of adverse home life, problem peer relationships and school experience. Standardized retrospective in-depth interviews provide a useful method. A sample of 160 high-risk community-based emerging adults in the UK (age 16–30) were interviewed to rate familial and peer/school relationships, and severity of bullying with or without aggression before age 17. A clinical interview assessed psychiatric disorders in teenage years. Statistical analyses showed a differential model for bullying victims versus aggressive victims and internalizing versus externalizing disorders. Both types of bullying experiences were associated with parental neglect and abuse, parental discord and inadequate supervision; victimization alone related to problem school context and internalizing disorders (anxiety disorders and major depression); in contrast, bullying victimization with aggression was distinctly associated with experiences of violence in family, problem peer group, and externalizing disorders (conduct disorder and substance use disorder). Thus differentiation of context of young people’s experience can inform effective psychosocial, educational and clinical approaches to reduce the risks associated with bullying victimization.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Bullying victimization Psychiatric disorders Neglect/child abuse Adolescence Bullying aggression Peer relationships School contexts
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies (CATS)
A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Item ID: 13212
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Depositing User: Users 3197 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2014 15:59
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2020 16:06
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/13212

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