ESCAPE: a randomised controlled trial of computer-tailored smoking cessation advice in primary care

Gilbert, Hazel M., Baptiste, Leurent, Sutton, Stephen, Alexis-Garsee, Camille ORCID logoORCID:, Morris, Richard W. and Nazareth, Irwin (2013) ESCAPE: a randomised controlled trial of computer-tailored smoking cessation advice in primary care. Addiction, 108 (4) . pp. 811-819. ISSN 0965-2140 [Article] (doi:10.1111/add.12005)


Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of tailored cessation advice reports, including levels of reading ability, compared with a generic self-help booklet. Design: Participants were randomised to receive standard non-tailored information or to receive standard information plus a cessation advice report and a progress report, both tailored to individual characteristics. Setting: One hundred and twenty-three general practices located throughout the UK. Participants: Questionnaires were mailed to 58 660 current cigarette smokers aged 18–65 years, identified from general practitioner records. Of the 6911 (11.8%) who completed the questionnaire, provided consent and were enrolled into the study, 6697 (11.4%) were included in the analysis. Measurements: Follow-up was by postal questionnaire sent six months after randomisation, or by telephone interview for participants failing to return
the questionnaire. The primary outcome was self-reported prolonged abstinence for at least three months at the
six-month follow-up. Findings: Quit rates on the primary outcome were not significantly different (3.2% versus 2.7%)
(OR = 1.20, 95% CI [0.94, 1.54], P = 0.15). A significantly higher proportion of intervention group participants
made a quit attempt during the follow-up period (32.3% versus 29.6%; OR = 1.13, 95% CI [1.01, 1.26], P = 0.026).
Conclusion: ESCAPE, a brief tailored smoking cessation intervention delivered by post and designed to reach a wide
population of smokers, appears to increase the rate at which smokers try to stop, but if there is an effect on prolonged abstinence it is small.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Brief interventions, computer tailoring, literacy, primary care, reading level, self-help, smoking cessation.
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Applied Health Psychology group
Item ID: 10219
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Sonia Dubois
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2013 10:42
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:26

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