Individualism-collectivism as an explanatory device for mental illness stigma

Papadopoulos, Chris, Foster, John and Caldwell, Kay (2013) Individualism-collectivism as an explanatory device for mental illness stigma. Community Mental Health Journal, 49 (3) . pp. 270-280. ISSN 0010-3853 [Article] (doi:10.1007/s10597-012-9534-x)


The aim of this study is investigate whether the cross-cultural value paradigm ‘individualism-collectivism’ is a useful explanatory model for mental illness stigma on a cultural level. Using snowball sampling, a quantitative questionnaire survey of 305 individuals from four UK-based cultural groups (white-English, American, Greek/Greek Cypriot, and Chinese) was carried out. The questionnaire included the ‘Community Attitudes to Mental Illness scale’ and the ‘vertical-horizontal individualism-collectivism scale’. The results revealed that the more stigmatizing a culture’s mental illness attitudes are, the more likely collectivism effectively explains these attitudes. In contrast, the more positive a culture’s mental illness attitudes, the more likely individualism effectively explains attitudes. We conclude that a consideration of the individualism-collectivism paradigm should be included in any future research aiming to provide a holistic understanding of the causes of mental illness stigma, particularly when the cultures stigmatization levels are particularly high or low.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Stigma; mental illness; attitudes; individualism; collectivism; culture
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education
Item ID: 10021
Depositing User: Kay Caldwell
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2013 07:07
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2018 10:38

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