ECJ advances equality in Europe by giving horizontal direct effect to directives.

Howard, Erica (2011) ECJ advances equality in Europe by giving horizontal direct effect to directives. European Public Law, 17 (4). pp. 729-743. ISSN 1354-3725

Full text is not in this repository.

Abstract

In a large number of cases, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has held that the principle of equality and non-discrimination is a general and fundamental principle of Community law, the observance of which the ECJ has to ensure. This article argues that the ECJ has, in a number of recent cases concerning the Equality Directives of 2000, taken further steps towards the development of this principle and has bestowed on these Directives horizontal direct effect based on the fact that they are specific expressions of the, both horizontally and vertically, directly effective principle of equality.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:Middlesex University Schools and Centres > School of Law > Law and Politics
ID Code:8312
Useful Links:
Deposited On:12 Jan 2012 08:09
Last Modified:28 Oct 2014 13:42

Repository staff only: item control page

Full text downloads (NB count will be zero if no full text documents are attached to the record)

Downloads per month over the past year