Measurements and simulation of a pneumatic muscle actuator for a rehabilitation robot

Prior, Stephen D. and White, Anthony S. (1995) Measurements and simulation of a pneumatic muscle actuator for a rehabilitation robot. Simulation Practice and Theory, 3 (2). pp. 81-117. ISSN 0928-4869

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The performance of a pneumatic muscle actuator, invented by Jim Hennequin and used in a prototype wheelchair-mounted robot arm designed by the first author is reported. Experimental measurements were made of the output torque versus rotary motion and internal pressure. The torque available for a muscle of size 60 mm width by 90 mm length ranges from 1 to 15 Nm. The rotary stiffness of this muscle is 0.081 Nm/deg. A theory based on thermodynamic principles indicates that the efficiency of the pneumatic muscle actuator reaches a maximum of 67%. A simulation model of the dynamic behaviour of the muscle attached to the robot arm using one-dimensional flow theory was written in ACSL (Advanced Continuous Simulation Language). The resultant simulation gives good agreement to within ± 5% of the experimental values.

Item Type:Article
Keywords (uncontrolled):Actuator; pneumatic; rehabilitation; robotics; simulation
Research Areas:A. > School of Science and Technology
ID Code:8288
Permissions granted by publisher:Copyright © 1995 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Deposited On:10 Jan 2012 06:36
Last Modified:04 Mar 2015 14:39

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