Serum biomarkers of collagen metabolism, pyridinoline (PYD) and aminoterminal properptide of type i procollagen (PINP) as diagnostic staging markers of bone metastases in breast cancer patients.

Iles, Ray K. and Cheung, Kwok-Leung and Robertson, John and Perrett, David (2010) Serum biomarkers of collagen metabolism, pyridinoline (PYD) and aminoterminal properptide of type i procollagen (PINP) as diagnostic staging markers of bone metastases in breast cancer patients. Tumour Biology, 31 (S72). ISSN 1010-4283

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Abstract

Aims: Breast cancers frequently metastasise to bone and early assessment of the extent of disease is important in therapy decision. We examined whether serum biomarkers of bone formation and destruction could aid or replace bone scans. Methods: The serum concentrations of the bone resorption marker pyridinoline (PYD) and the bone formation marker aminoterminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP) were measured in 200 breast cancer patients at different stages of disease. Results: Both biomarkers showed elevated levels when bone was involved with median PYD concentrations 1.9 times and PINP 3.2 times higher than those found in an age matched control group. However, PYD concentrations increased steadily with the extent to which breast tumours invaded surrounding tissue. Conclusions: PYD is also released from basement membrane collagen thus elevation is also due to soft tissues destroyed by the breast lesion and not just from destruction of bone collagen. However, PINP concentrations were only significantly elevated in patients with bone metastases. Thus, PINP appears to be a superior serum biomarker of bone metastases and may prove useful for monitoring or indeed pre-screening patients for bone metastases and hence reducing the number of bone scans.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:Science & Technology > Biomedical Science
Citations on ISI Web of Science:0
ID Code:7960
Deposited On:27 Jun 2011 09:34
Last Modified:06 Feb 2013 11:44

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