Corporate accountability and indigenous peoples: prospects and limitations of the US Alien Tort Claims Act

Gilbert, Jeremie (2012) Corporate accountability and indigenous peoples: prospects and limitations of the US Alien Tort Claims Act. International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, 19 (1). pp. 25-52. ISSN 1385-4879

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/157181112X620528

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Abstract

Indigenous peoples are often the victims of human rights violations at the hands of Multinational Corporations (MNCs). Since there are few avenues to ensure accountability for such violations, the US Alien Tort Claim Act (ATCA) has become one of the principal vehicles to ensure such liability. With varying degrees of success, ATCA has proven to be an attractive statute for ensuring accountability of MNCs. In recent years several cases have been lodged by indigenous peoples, including pioneering cases against corporations such as Texaco, Shell, Chevron and Rio Tinto. This article aims at analyzing the prospects but also the limitations of such a national tort act to provide remedies for human rights violations to indigenous communities. In doing so the article provides a practical analysis on the strengths and weaknesses of using ATCA as a tool for human rights litigation against MNCs.

Item Type:Article
Keywords (uncontrolled):Indigenous peoples; US Alien Torts Claims Act; corporate accountability; human rights; multinational corporations
Research Areas:School of Law > Law and Politics
ID Code:7245
Permissions granted by publisher:Permission to post edited version but not final published version.
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Deposited On:12 Apr 2011 12:12
Last Modified:12 Aug 2014 07:37

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