Precarious employment, working hours, work-life conflict and health in hotel work.
McNamara, Maria and Bohle, Philip and Quinlan, Michael (2011) Precarious employment, working hours, work-life conflict and health in hotel work. Applied Ergonomics, 42 (2). pp. 225-232. ISSN 0003-6870
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2010.06.013
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Precarious or temporary work is associated with adverse outcomes including low control over working hours, work-life conflict and stress. The rise in precarious employment is most marked in the service sector but little research has been done on its health effects in this sector. This study compares permanent and temporary workers in the hotel industry, where working hours are highly variable. Survey data from 150 workers from eight 3-Star hotels in urban and regional areas around Sydney were analyzed. Forty-five per cent were male and 52 per cent were female. Fifty four per cent were permanent full-time and 46 per cent were temporary workers. The effects of employment status on perceived job security, control over working hours, and work-life conflict are investigated using PLS-Graph 3.0. The effects of control over working hours, on work-life conflict and subsequent health outcomes are also explored. Temporary workers perceived themselves as less in control of their working hours, than permanent workers (β = .27). However, they also reported lower levels of work intensity (β = .25) and working hours (β = .38). The effects of low hours control (β = .20), work intensity (β = .29), and excessive hours (β = .39) on work-life conflict (r2 = .50), and subsequent health effects (r2 = .30), are illustrated in the final structural equation model.
|Research Areas:||Business School > Business & Management|
|Citations on ISI Web of Science:||1|
|Deposited On:||15 Feb 2011 12:00|
|Last Modified:||10 Oct 2013 05:44|
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