Issues and challenges in securing interoperability of DRM systems in the digital music market

George, Carlisle and Chandak, Navin (2006) Issues and challenges in securing interoperability of DRM systems in the digital music market. International Review of Law Computers and Technology, 20 (3). pp. 271-285. ISSN 1360-0869

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Abstract

In the digital music market (and accompanying digital players), use of different digital rights management (DRM) systems, have effectively locked-in consumers to proprietary technologies of respective companies. Currently, no single DRM standard exists for digital music, therefore, music purchased from one competitor may not be compatible with another competitor’s jukebox
software or digital player. There is little incentive for leading competitors to license their technology or provide support for other technologies to enable interoperability of different technologies. Consequently, consumers purchasing from such competitors in-effect become locked into their proprietary technology and its accompanying DRM systems. This paper examines the consequences of such market behaviour focusing on the most popular music store iTunes (owned by Apple), its dominance in the industry and the implications of Apple’s decision not to open its FairPlay DRM scheme that controls all music purchased from iTunes. It discusses the attempt by RealNetworks to secure interoperability with Apple’s FairPlay scheme and the resultant response of Apple. Finally, it examines the potential benefits, problems and legal issues raised by the actions of RealNetworks and argues for interoperability.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science > Artificial Intelligence group
A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science > Aspects of Law and Ethics Related to Technology group
A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science
Item ID: 5158
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Carlisle George
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2010 13:42
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:19
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/5158

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