Epidermal and hair follicle progenitor cells express melanoma-associated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan core protein

Ghali, Lucy and Wong, Soon-Tee and Tidman, Nicholas and Quinn, Anthony G. and Philpott, Michael P. and Leigh, Irene M. (2004) Epidermal and hair follicle progenitor cells express melanoma-associated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan core protein. Journal of investigative dermatology, 122 (2). pp. 433-442. ISSN 0022-202X

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Official URL: http://www.nature.com/jid/journal/v122/n2/full/560...

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Abstract

Basal keratinocytes in the epidermis and hair follicle are biologically heterogeneous but must include a stable subpopulation of epidermal stem cells. In animal models these can be identifed by their retention of radioactive label due to their slow cycle (label-retaining cells) but human studies largely depend on in vitro characterization of colony forming efficiency and clonogenicity. Differential integrin expression has been used to detect cells of increased proliferative potential but further stem cell markers are urgently required for in vivo and in vitro characterization. Using LHM2, a monoclonal antibody reacting with a high molecular weight melanoma-associated proteoglycan core protein, a subset of basal keratinocytes in both the interfollicular epidermis and the hair follicle has been identified. Coexpression of melanoma-associated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan with keratins 15 and 19 as well as 1 and 6 integrins has been examined in adult and fetal human skin from hair bearing, nonhair bearing, and palmoplantar regions. Although melanoma-associated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan coexpression with a subset of 1 integrin bright basal keratinocytes within the epidermis suggests that melanoma-associated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan colocalizes with epidermal stem cells, melanoma-associated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan expression within the hair follicle was more complex and multiple subpopulations of basal outer root sheath keratinocytes are described. These data suggest that epithelial compartmentalization of the outer root sheath is more complex than interfollicular epidermis and further supports the hypothesis that more than one hair follicle stem cell compartment may exist.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Citations on ISI Web of Science:25
ID Code:504
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Deposited On:21 Nov 2008 15:21
Last Modified:11 Mar 2014 08:28

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