Towards a theory of decision-making with paradoxes.

Belavkin, Roman V. (2006) Towards a theory of decision-making with paradoxes. In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Cognitive Modelling, 2006, Trieste, Italy.

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Abstract

Human subjects often violate the rational decision-making theory, which is based on the notion of expected utility and axioms of choice (Neuman & Morgenstern, 1944; Savage, 1954). The counterexamples, suggested by Allais (1953) and Ellsberg (1961), deserve special attention because they point at our lack of understanding of how humans make decisions. The paradoxes of decision-making are particularly important for the ACT-R theory which currently relies on expected utility. The paper presents two alternative methods: a random prediction method that uses subsymbolic computations and a method that uses symbolic reasoning for qualitative decision-making. Both methods are tested on ACT-R models of the paradoxes, and the advantages of each method are discussed.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Research Areas:Middlesex University Schools and Centres > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science
Middlesex University Schools and Centres > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science > Artificial Intelligence group
ID Code:5
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Deposited On:08 Sep 2008 10:46
Last Modified:08 Oct 2014 11:05

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