Identifying and classifying the sources and uses of xenobiotics in urban environments

Donner, Erica and Eriksson, Eva and Holten Lützhøft, Hans-Christian and Scholes, Lian N. L. and Revitt, D. Mike and Ledin, Anna (2010) Identifying and classifying the sources and uses of xenobiotics in urban environments. In: Xenobiotics in the urban water cycle: mass flows, environmental processes, mitigation and treatment strategies. Fatta-Kassinos , Despo and Bester, Kai and Kümmerer , Klaus, eds. Environmental pollution. (16). Springer Science + Business Media B.V, London, pp. 27-50. ISBN 978904813508-0

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Abstract

The sources and uses of xenobiotics in urban environments are very diverse, making structured approaches to source and use classification a fundamental requirement for effective pollution management. This chapter provides a general introduction to the topic of substance source and use identification, highlighting the key differences between different types of sources (e.g. processes vs. commodities; natural vs. anthropogenic etc.) and different types of uses (e.g. active vs. passive; dispersive vs. non-dispersive, etc.). Examples of relevant classification systems and their applications are also given, and the diversity of potential xenobiotic sources and uses is clearly demonstrated through the description of a series of ‘archetypes’ (i.e. model examples). The chapter concludes with an overview of useful source tracking approaches (e.g. database mining, marketing surveys, forensic approaches etc.).

Item Type:Book Section
Research Areas:Middlesex University Schools and Centres > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
ID Code:4076
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Deposited On:17 Feb 2010 10:27
Last Modified:13 May 2014 15:50

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