Travel and the 'Freedom of Movement': racialised encounters and experiences amongst ethnic minority tourists in the EU.
Stephenson, Marcus L. (2006) Travel and the 'Freedom of Movement': racialised encounters and experiences amongst ethnic minority tourists in the EU. Mobilities, 1 (2). pp. 285-306. ISSN 1745-0101
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17450100600726662
This paper presents a conceptual-based discussion dealing with social and geo-political concerns associated with the tourism experiences and travel encounters of ethnic minority citizens living in member-states of the European Union (EU). Although EU legislation emphasises that its citizens have freedom of movement throughout member-states, the prevalence of racialised situations transpiring within, across and beyond EU borders suggests that this commitment is socio-politically ambiguous. The popular hysteria that has developed towards increased immigration from non-EU countries extends to those minorities who have legal status of entry, residency and/or citizenship - as they too are visibly different from Europe's white majorities. The paper thus reflects on ways in which the 11 September 2001 attacks in America have had a detrimental impact on people's tourism and travel experiences, particularly in instances where individuals have been treated with high levels of suspicion from institutional bodies and ethnic (white) majorities. The work firmly emphasises that racial prejudice, institutional racism and xeno-racist practices restrict ethnic minority citizens from appreciating cosmopolitan-based tourism experiences and engaging in congenial exchanges with other European cultures and societies. One of the main contentions asserts that racialised movements limit ethnic minority citizens from achieving full rights to social and (multi)cultural forms of citizenship. The conclusion suggests ways in which researchers ought to respond to the study of tourism and racism within the EU.
|Research Areas:||Middlesex University Schools and Centres > School of Law > Criminology and Sociology|
Middlesex University Schools and Centres > Business School > Economics and International Development
|Deposited On:||10 Nov 2008 13:03|
|Last Modified:||13 May 2014 14:47|
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