Growth factor displayed on the surface of retroviral particles without manipulation of envelope proteins is biologically active and can enhance transduction.

Chandrashekran, Anil and Gordon, Myrtle Y. and Darling, David and Farzaneh, Farzin and Casimir, Colin M. (2004) Growth factor displayed on the surface of retroviral particles without manipulation of envelope proteins is biologically active and can enhance transduction. Journal of Gene Medicine, 6 (11). pp. 1189-96. ISSN 1099-498X

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The therapeutic potential of retroviruses can be significantly enhanced by display of specific molecules on the retroviral surface. This has been conventionally achieved by the manipulation of retroviral envelope proteins. In this report we have tested whether the natural budding mechanism of the retrovirus could be exploited to incorporate a specific molecule into the retroviral surface. METHODS: Retroviral packaging cells were engineered to express the membrane-bound form of human stem cell factor (mbSCF). Surface expression of mbSCF on retroviral packaging cells was confirmed by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. Incorporation of mbSCF into retroviral particles was demonstrated by virus-binding assay and immunomagnetic capture of virus using antibody to SCF. Retroviral supernatants were tested for activity of the incorporated cytokine by proliferation assays on factor-dependent cells. Amphotropic retrovirus displaying surface mbSCF was used to transduce SCF receptor-positive haematopoietic cells. RESULTS: Retroviruses incorporating surface SCF showed increased levels of binding to cells (MO7e) expressing the SCF receptor, c-kit. mbSCF displayed on the viral surface retained levels of biological activity comparable with those of soluble recombinant growth factor. Transduction of c-kit-positive target cells with viruses displaying mbSCF showed enhanced levels of transduction in comparison with unmodified viruses. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of the membrane-bound form of human stem cell factor (mbSCF) on the surface of retroviral packaging cells allows its efficient incorporation into retrovirus particles in a biologically active form, opening up the possibility for the use of retroviral display in many therapeutic areas, such as in gene therapy, drug delivery and in the development of novel vaccines.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Citations on ISI Web of Science:9
ID Code:3282
Deposited On:02 Dec 2009 15:14
Last Modified:06 Feb 2013 11:45

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