Perceived social support, family environment and psychosocial recovery in bone marrow transplant long-term survivors

Molassiotis, A. and Van den Akker, Olga and Boughton, B. J. (1997) Perceived social support, family environment and psychosocial recovery in bone marrow transplant long-term survivors. Social Science & Medicine, 44 (3). pp. 317-325. ISSN 0277-9536

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(96)00101-3

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Abstract

This report examines perceptions of social support and family dynamics in bone marrow transplant (BMT) long-term survivors, as part of a larger study examining issues of quality of life and psychosocial adjustment in this patient group. Ninety one BMT survivors participated in the study. Their responses were compared with those of a matched control group of 73 patients receiving maintenance chemotherapy (MC). The results indicated that the BMT group received more social support than the MC group. Main sources of support were the patients' immediate family members. No significant differences in the typology and dynamics of family environments were observed between groups. However, the groups were significantly different compared with healthy, non-distressed families in cohesion, control and conflict. It was of importance to note that a considerable number of BMT subjects reported at least one nurse as a person who provides support to them, indicating the potential important role of nurses in the psychosocial adjustment of BMT long-term survivors. Strong family relationships were associated in both the BMT and MC groups with significantly better adjustment with respect to their domestic, extended family or social environment, and psychological distress. Social support and family relationships might be two of the main spheres of life contributing to higher levels of quality of life, and their important role as a stressor-filter is highlighted.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:Middlesex University Schools and Centres > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Middlesex University Schools and Centres > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Applied Health Psychology group
Citations on ISI Web of Science:45
ID Code:3155
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Deposited On:20 Nov 2009 08:43
Last Modified:03 Dec 2014 14:51

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