Spatial information transfer from virtual to real versions of the Kiel locomotor maze.

Foreman, Nigel and Stirk, Jonathan and Pohl, Johannes and Mandelkow, Lars and Lehnung, Maria and Herzog, Arne and Leplow, Bernd (2000) Spatial information transfer from virtual to real versions of the Kiel locomotor maze. Behavioural Brain Research, 112 (1-2). pp. 53-61. ISSN 0166-4328

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Abstract

The Kiel locomotor maze requires participants to choose five targets from among 20 locations marked by small red lights on the floor of a dimly lit circular environment having four wall-mounted extramaze cues and two intramaze cues at floor level. In the present study, acquisition of the real task was examined in 11-year-old children following prior accurate training in a virtual version, following misleading virtual training, or following no training. The virtual version was displayed on a desk-top computer monitor. Acquisition testing in the real maze was either locomotor or non-locomotor. Good transfer was achieved from virtual to real versions. Children’s exploration of the real maze prior to real maze acquisition training revealed a clear transfer of spatial information previously learned in the virtual version. Children taught the correct target configuration in the simulation made fewer errors and more rapid, confident responses to targets in the real maze than children given no training. However, acquisition was also better following misleading training than no training, suggesting that a non-specific components of performance also transferred. Male superiority was only seen following misleading training, which was interpreted in terms of male superiority in mental rotation. After acquisition, a single probe trial was performed, in which proximal cues and participants’ starting position were rotated, but this had equivalent effects on all groups’ performance. It is clear that transfer of spatial information occurs from the simulated Kiel maze to the real version. This has implications for its use in diagnosis and training.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:School of Health and Education > Health & Education
Citations on ISI Web of Science:27
ID Code:3083
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Deposited On:16 Nov 2009 05:08
Last Modified:06 Feb 2013 12:12

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