The clinical application of electrical impedance technology in the detection of malignant neoplasms: a systematic review

Pathiraja, Angela A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1547-6824, Weerakkody, Ruwan A., von Roon, Alexander C., Ziprin, Paul and Bayford, Richard ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8863-6385 (2020) The clinical application of electrical impedance technology in the detection of malignant neoplasms: a systematic review. Journal of Translational Medicine, 18 (1) , 227. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1479-5876 (doi:10.1186/s12967-020-02395-9)

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Abstract

Background: Electrical impedance technology has been well established for the last 20 years. Recently research has begun to emerge into its potential uses in the detection and diagnosis of pre-malignant and malignant conditions. The aim of this study was to systematically review the clinical application of electrical impedance technology in the detection of malignant neoplasms.

Methods: A search of Embase Classic, Embase and Medline databases was conducted from 1980 to 22/02/2018 to identify studies reporting on the use of bioimpedance technology in the detection of pre-malignant and malignant conditions. The ability to distinguish between tissue types was defined as the primary endpoint, and other points of interest were also reported.

Results: 731 articles were identified, of which 51 reported sufficient data for analysis. These studies covered 16 different cancer subtypes in a total of 7035 patients. As the studies took various formats, a qualitative analysis of each cancer subtype’s data was undertaken. All the studies were able to show differences in electrical impedance and/or related metrics between malignant and normal tissue.

Conclusions: Electrical impedance technology provides a novel method for the detection of malignant tissue, with large studies of cervical, prostate, skin and breast cancers showing encouraging results. Whilst these studies provide promising insights into the potential of this technology as an adjunct in screening, diagnosis and intra-operative margin assessment, customised development as well as multi-centre clinical trials need to be conducted before it can be reliably employed in the clinical detection of malignant tissue.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Malignant, Neoplasms, Cancer, Real-time, Detection, Diagnosis, Electrical impedance, Spectroscopy
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biophysics and Bioengineering group
Item ID: 30343
Notes on copyright: © The Author(s) 2020.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds thepermitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2020 08:02
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2020 09:15
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/30343

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