Development and preliminary validation of a tool measuring concordance and belief about performing pressure-relieving activities for pressure ulcer prevention in spinal cord injury

Liu, Liang Q. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6358-1637, Chapman, Sarah, Deegan, Rachel, Knight, Sarah L., Traynor, Michael ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2065-8374, Allan, Helen T. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9391-0385 and Gall, Angela (2020) Development and preliminary validation of a tool measuring concordance and belief about performing pressure-relieving activities for pressure ulcer prevention in spinal cord injury. Journal of Tissue Viability . ISSN 0965-206X (Published online first) (doi:10.1016/j.jtv.2020.05.002)

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Abstract

Objective: To develop and examine the reliability, and validity of a questionnaire measuring concordance for performing pressure-relief for pressure ulcer (PrU) prevention in people with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI).

Methods: Phase I included item development, content and face validity testing. In phase II, the questionnaire was evaluated for preliminary acceptability, reliability and validity among 48 wheelchair users with SCI.

Results: Thirty-seven items were initially explored. Item and factor analysis resulted in a final 26-item questionnaire with four factors reflecting concordance, perceived benefits, perceived negative consequences, and personal practical barriers to performing pressure-relief activities. The internal consistency reliability for four domains were very good (Cronbach's α = .75-.89). Pearson correlation coefficient on a test-retest of the same subjects yielded significant correlations in concordance (r = .91, p = .005), perceived benefit (r = .71, p < .04), perceived negative consequences (r = .98, p < .0001), personal barriers (r = .93, p= .002). Participants with higher levels of concordance reported a greater amount of pressure-relieving performed. Individuals viewing PrU as a threatening illness were associated with higher scores of concordance and tended to report a greater amount of pressure-relieving performance which provides evidence of criterion related validity.

Conclusion: The new questionnaire demonstrated good preliminary reliability and validity in people with SCI. Further evaluation is necessary to confirm these findings using larger samples with follow-up data for predictive validity. Such a questionnaire could be used by clinicians to identify high risk of patients and to design individualised education programme for PrU prevention.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education > Institute of Nursing and Midwifery
Item ID: 30215
Notes on copyright: © 2020. This author's accepted manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Liang Liu
Date Deposited: 22 May 2020 09:52
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2020 10:47
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/30215

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