Active and passive spatial learning from a desk-top virtual environment in male and female participants: a comparison with guessing controls

Sandamas, George and Foreman, Nigel (2003) Active and passive spatial learning from a desk-top virtual environment in male and female participants: a comparison with guessing controls. Journal of Health, Social and Environmental Issues, 4 (2). pp. 15-21. ISSN 1478-5692

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Official URL: http://www.mdx.ac.uk/HSSc/research/pub.asp

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Abstract

Undergraduate students were asked to explore a single room virtual environment (VE) containing 6 objects at floor level, depicted on a desk-top monitor. Exploration was either active (using keyboard keys to control displacements) or passive (observing an active participant), with male-male or female-female active-passive pairings. Following exploration, all participants were asked to independently complete a map task, requiring them to indicate the positions of 5 of the floor objects using a map which showed the one remaining (reference) object. Guessing controls performed the same task but without experience of the room or VE. No gender differences were obtained. Both active and passive exploration groups were more accurate than guessing controls, and no significant difference was obtained between the two exploration groups. The results are in agreement with several previous studies, which found no active-passive differences in VEs. This finding contrasts with real world exploration, where active-passive differences are invariably found. This difference might be explained if VE learning is more explicit than real-world learning, or if a VE imposes greater working memory load.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:Middlesex University Schools and Centres > School of Health and Education > Health & Education
ID Code:3001
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Deposited On:06 Nov 2009 06:08
Last Modified:19 Jul 2014 00:00

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