A cross-cultural study of attitudes toward suicide among young people in India, Italy and Australia

Colucci, Erminia ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9714-477X and Lester, David (2020) A cross-cultural study of attitudes toward suicide among young people in India, Italy and Australia. International Journal of Social Psychiatry . ISSN 0020-7640 (Published online first) (doi:10.1177/0020764020926551)

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Abstract

Background: An understanding of the cultural aspects of suicidal behavior is essential for the development of culturally appropriate suicide prevention and intervention strategies.

Aims: This study explored the attitudes toward youth suicide in 686 Italian, Indian and Australian undergraduate students (18-24 years old).

Method: A 21-item suicide attitude inventory titled Attitude towards Youth Suicide (AtYS) Scale was used in the three samples.

Results: Four factors were extracted, labelled negative attitudes toward suicide, belief that suicide was not preventable, suicide as acceptable and normal, and the existence of risk signs for suicide. Country differences were found for all four subscales, with Indian students having the most negative attitudes toward suicide. Sex differences were found in all three countries with women, on the whole, having less negative attitudes toward suicide, more belief in the preventability of suicide in India and more belief in risk signs for suicide in Italy.

Conclusions: Attitudes are linked to suicide in a complex manner. More quantitative and qualitative studies, including in lower-income and non-English speaking Western societies, are needed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Supplemental material available to download via Figshare: https://doi.org/10.25384/SAGE.12520253.v1
Supplemental material carries the same license as the article it is here associated with.
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Item ID: 29720
Notes on copyright: Colucci, Erminia and Lester, David (2020) A cross-cultural study of attitudes toward suicide among young people in India, Italy and Australia. International Journal of Social Psychiatry . (Journal Volume Number and Issue Number) pp. xx-xx. Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764020926551
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Depositing User: Erminia Colucci
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2020 12:56
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2020 14:27
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/29720

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