Culturomics: a new kid on the block of OMICS to enable personalized medicine

Kambouris, Manousos E., Pavlidis, Cristiana, Skoufas, Efthymios, Arabatzis, Michael, Kantzanou, Maria, Velegraki, Aristea and Patrinos, George P. (2018) Culturomics: a new kid on the block of OMICS to enable personalized medicine. OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology, 22 (2) . pp. 108-118. ISSN 1536-2310 (doi:10.1089/omi.2017.0017)

Abstract

This innovation analysis highlights the underestimated and versatile potential of the new field of culturomics and examines its relation to other OMICS system sciences such as infectiomics, metabolomics, phenomics, and pharmacomicrobiomics. The advent of molecular biology, followed by the emergence of various disciplines of the genomics, and most importantly metagenomics, brought about the sharp decline of conventional microbiology methods. Emergence of culturomics has a natural synergy with therapeutic and clinical genomic approaches so as to realize personalized medicine. Notably, the concept of culturomics expands on that of phenomics and allows a reintroduction of the culture-based phenotypic characterization into the 21st century research repertoire, bolstered by robust technology for automated and massive execution, but its potential is largely unappreciated at present; the few available references show unenthusiastic pursuit and in narrow applications. This has not to be so: depending on the specific brand of culturomics, the scope of applications may extend to medicine, agriculture, environmental sciences, pharmacomicrobiomics, and biotechnology innovation. Moreover, culturomics may produce Big Data. This calls for a new generation of data scientists and innovative ways of harnessing and valorizing Big Data beyond classical genomics. Much more detailed and objective classification and identification of microbiota may soon be at hand through culturomics, thus enabling precision diagnosis toward truly personalized medicine. Culturomics may both widen the scope of microbiology and improve its contributions to diagnostics and personalized medicine, characterizing microbes and determining their associations with health and disease dynamics.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 29718
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Depositing User: Cristiana Pavlidis
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2020 14:37
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2020 14:37
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/29718

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