Las complejidades de la seguridad y la soberania alimentaria en Venezuela

Dominguez, Francisco (2017) Las complejidades de la seguridad y la soberania alimentaria en Venezuela. Revista de Politicas Publicas, 20 (2016) . pp. 157-167. ISSN 2178-2865 (doi:10.18764/2178-2865.v20nEp157-168)

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Abstract

Security and food sovereignty are usually closely linked, even more so in Venezuela, but due to the structural economic characteristics of its oil economy, and, since 1999, due to the transformations in which this nation embarked from the onset of the Bolivarian Revolution initiated by Hugo Chavez Frias. Social justice, especially poverty eradication, and exclusion of large sections of the poor and destitute, and, above all, child mortality, malnutrition and undernourishment, have been priority objectives of the Bolivarian process. Because of that, food security has been proclaimed as a constitutional fundamental state policy. The achievements in food security are noteworthy, leading Bolivarian Venezuela to merit two FAO official recogitions. Howver, the achievements in food sovereignty are more modest, the main obstacle being the century-old highly specialized structure around oil of this South American nation’s economy. A second obstacle, more contemporary but no less serious in achieving not only sovereignty but especially food security is the economic war that, as in the Chile of Salvador Allende, seeks to erode the base of political support for bolivarianism through hoarding, smuggling food staples and fuel, large-scale currency speculation, and the use of fracking to induce oil prices to collapse levels as a political weapon against governments and regimes that Washington detest. And, as in Chile, such destabilisation plans can be lethal. (article published in Spanish)

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Food security, food sovereignty, Venezuela, oil, agriculture, bolivarianism, child malnutrition, economic war, social exclusión, poverty, foods
Research Areas: A. > School of Law > Criminology and Sociology
Item ID: 29529
Notes on copyright: Spanish: Direitos autorais 2017 Revista de Políticas Públicas
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.
English: Copyright 2017 Revista de Políticas Públicas
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License.
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Francisco Dominguez
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2020 18:07
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2020 10:05
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/29529

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