A cultural effect on brain function.

Paulesu, Eraldo, McCrory, Eamon, Fazio, Ferruccio, Menoncello, L., Brunswick, Nicola ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6652-5016, Cappa, Stefano F., Cotelli, M., Cossu, Giuseppe, Corte, F., Lorusso, M. L., Pesenti, S., Gallagher, Ann-Marie, Perani, D., Price, Cathy, Frith, C. D. and Frith, Uta (2000) A cultural effect on brain function. Nature Neuroscience, 3 (1) . pp. 91-96. ISSN 1097-6256 (doi:10.1038/71163)

Abstract

We present behavioral and anatomical evidence for a multi-component reading system in which different components are differentially weighted depending on culture-specific demands of orthography. Italian orthography is consistent, enabling reliable conversion of graphemes to phonemes to yield correct pronunciation of the word. English orthography is inconsistent, complicating mapping of letters to word sounds. In behavioral studies, Italian students showed faster word and non-word reading than English students. In two PET studies, Italians showed greater activation in left superior temporal regions associated with phoneme processing. In contrast, English readers showed greater activations, particularly for non-words, in left posterior inferior temporal gyrus and anterior inferior frontal gyrus, areas associated with word retrieval during both reading and naming tasks.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
ISI Impact: 228
Item ID: 2938
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Devika Mohan
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2009 07:00
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 12:46
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/2938

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