Liking but devaluing animals: emotional and deliberative paths to speciesism

Caviola, Lucius ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4302-5884 and Capraro, Valerio ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0579-0166 (2020) Liking but devaluing animals: emotional and deliberative paths to speciesism. Social Psychological and Personality Science , 194855061989395. ISSN 1948-5506 (Published online first) (doi:10.1177/1948550619893959)

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Abstract

We explore whether priming emotion versus deliberation affects speciesism—the tendency to prioritize certain individuals over others on the basis of their species-membership (three main and two supplementary studies; four pre-registered; N = 3,288). We find that the tendency to prioritize humans over animals (anthropocentric speciesism) decreases when participants were asked to think emotionally compared to deliberately. In contrast, the tendency to prioritize dogs over other animals (pet speciesism) increases when participants were asked to think emotionally compared to deliberately. We hypothesize that, emotionally, people like animals in general, and dogs in particular; however, deliberatively, people attribute higher moral status to humans than animals, and roughly equal status to dogs, chimpanzees, elephants and pigs. In support of this explanation, participants tended to discriminate between animals based on likability when thinking emotionally and based on moral status when thinking deliberately. These findings shed light on the psychological underpinnings of speciesism.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): speciesism, moral judgment, animals, dual-process Clinical psychology, social psychology
Research Areas: A. > Business School > Economics
Item ID: 28848
Notes on copyright: Caviola, Lucius and Capraro, Valerio, Liking but devaluing animals: emotional and deliberative paths to speciesism. Social Psychological and Personality Science. (Journal Volume Number and Issue Number) pp. xx-xx. Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). DOI: 10.1177/1948550619893959
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Depositing User: Valerio Capraro
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2020 11:00
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2020 17:14
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/28848

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