Environmental factors influencing the prevalence of respiratory diseases and allergies among schoolchildren in Chiang Mai, Thailand

Sriyaraj, Kanyawat and Priest, Nicholas and Shutes, R. Brian E. (2008) Environmental factors influencing the prevalence of respiratory diseases and allergies among schoolchildren in Chiang Mai, Thailand. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 18 (2). pp. 129-148. ISSN 0960-3123

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Abstract

Air quality has seriously deteriorated as a consequence of population growth and urbanisation and respiratory diseases increased among residents of urban areas in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand. An International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) study was conducted among children attending schools located in the selected sites to assess the potential impacts of air pollution on health. The results showed that the prevalence of asthma was similar in all of the schools (approximately 5%; p = 1.000) but that the prevalence of rhinitis [24.3% (CI = 19.4-30.1) vs. 15.7% (CI = 10.3-23.0); p = 0.029] and atopic dermatitis [12.5% (CI = 9.1-16.8) vs. 7.2% (CI = 3.7-12.6); p = 0.093)] was higher in the urban schools, which were exposed to more pollution. Logistic regression analysis identified factors that may be involved, including air pollution, some components of the diet and contact with animals.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Citations on ISI Web of Science:2
ID Code:2731
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Deposited On:27 Aug 2009 09:44
Last Modified:13 May 2014 15:51

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