Purification and method optimisation for identification of carbohydrate moieties on human chorionic gonadotropin glycoforms using MALDI IT–TOF MS

Gondek, Marcela B., Burczynska, Beata and Hills, Frank (2019) Purification and method optimisation for identification of carbohydrate moieties on human chorionic gonadotropin glycoforms using MALDI IT–TOF MS. FEBS Open Bio, 9 (Suppl 1). In: 4th FEBS Congress, 06-11 Jul 2019, Krakow, Poland. . ISSN 2211-5463 (doi:10.1002/2211-5463.12674)

Abstract

The expression of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is com-monly associated with a variety of cancers including testicular,bladder and gestational trophoblast diseases. All trophoblastictumours secrete very high amounts of hCG however hyperglyco-sylated form of hCG was found to be highly elevated in chorio-carcinoma patients. Current analytical methods, measuringbranched N-linked glycans in hCG, involve use of antibodieswhich may cause uncertainty due to issues of antibody specificity.In this project, highly sensitive and robust method to identify N-linked glycans, based on their specific chemical composition andmass tolerance, was developed. It was applied to variety of hCGforms, including hCG from pregnancy, choriocarcinoma andrecombinant hCG. hCG and its varied forms, with freebhCG,were isolated using IgG-coupled magnetic beads. N-linked gly-cans were then isolated from hCG by denaturation, reduction,alkylation (100°C, 10mM DTT, 20mM IAA) followed by degly-cosylation (PNGase, 37°C, 20h) and purification using porousgraphite carbon tips (Hypercarb). MALDI IT-TOF MS was usedto separate resulting glycans, which were then characterised usingProtein Scape software. Glycan peaks were reported, m/z 900–5,000 (Da), and carbohydrate library with precise glycan searchparameters (GlycoQuest, Bruker) was designed. A series of gly-cans were successfully identified from selected hCG sources, andsignificant differences in repertoire of glycans composition weredetected. Alteration in cellular glycosylation of proteins con-tribute to cancer metastasis, therefore strategies to understandtumour glycome and glycoproteome provide diagnostic potential,and targets for therapeutic intervention. Rapid and efficientdetection method of specific hCG glycoforms, from crudepatients urine samples, could help to speed and improve diagno-sis of hCG associated cancers including choriocarcinoma andnon-trophoblastic malignancies.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Abstract published as:
M. Gondek, B. Burczynska, F. Hills (2019). Purification and method optimisation foridentification of carbohydrate moieties onhuman chorionic gonadotropin glycoformsusing MALDI IT–TOF MS. FEBS Open Bio, 9 (Suppl 1): ShT-37-2. doi:10.1002/2211-5463.12674
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biomarkers for Cancer group
Item ID: 27264
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Marcela Gondek
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2019 12:38
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2019 19:50
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/27264

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item