Effects of temperature on metal tolerance and the accumulation of Zn and Pb by metal-tolerant fungi isolated from urban runoff treatment wetlands
Purchase, Diane and Scholes, Lian N. L. and Revitt, D. Mike and Shutes, R. Brian E. (2009) Effects of temperature on metal tolerance and the accumulation of Zn and Pb by metal-tolerant fungi isolated from urban runoff treatment wetlands. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 106 (4). pp. 1163-1174. ISSN 1364-5072
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Aims: To investigate the ability of two fungi to accumulate Zn and Pb, the effect of temperature on their metal tolerance and possible mechanisms involved in metal accumulation. Methods and results: Beauveria bassiana and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa isolated from constructed wetlands receiving urban runoff were grown in modified glycerol asparagine medium containing elevated levels of Zn and Pb at 30°C. Beauveria bassiana accumulated up to 0·64% of available Zn and 8·44% of Pb. The corresponding values for R. mucilaginosa were up to 2·05% for Zn and 16·55% for Pb. Radial growth of colonies grown at 4° and 30°C on agar containing Zn or Pb indicated that metal tolerance was not seriously affected by a decrease in temperature. Transmission electron microscopy and emission dispersion x-ray spectrophotometry suggested that the mechanism of resistance in B. bassiana may be associated with the precipitation of Pb (possibly in the form of oxalates). Conclusion: The processes of biosorption could potentially occur throughout the year with both living and dead cells able to accumulate metals. Significance and Impact of the Study: Identified precipitation processes could be an important mechanism in metal removal in wetland substrates serving as long-term storage sinks.
|Research Areas:||A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences|
|Citations on ISI Web of Science:||7|
|Deposited On:||27 Aug 2009 04:53|
|Last Modified:||24 Mar 2015 13:06|
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