Longitudinal associations between depression and diabetes complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Nouwen, Arie ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0609-4082, Adriaanse, M. C., van Dam, Kristina, Iversen, M. M., Viechtbauer, W., Peyrot, M., Caramlau, I., Kokoszka, A., Kanc, K., de Groot, M., Nefs, G. and Pouwer, F. (2019) Longitudinal associations between depression and diabetes complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetic Medicine, 36 (12) . pp. 1562-1572. ISSN 0742-3071 (doi:10.1111/dme.14054)

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Aims. To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies assessing the bi- directional association between depression and diabetes macrovascular and microvascular complications.

Methods. Embase, Medline, and PsycINFO databases were searched from inception through 27th November 2017. A total of 4,592 abstracts were screened for eligibility. Meta-analyses used multilevel random/mixed-effects models. Quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale.

Results. 22 studies were included in the systematic review. 16 studies examined the relationship between baseline depression and incident diabetes complications, of which nine studies involving over 1 million participants were suitable for meta-analysis. Depression was associated with an increased risk for incident macrovascular (Hazard Ratio HR=1.38; 95%CI: 1.30-1.47) and microvascular disease (HR=1.33; 95%CI: 1.25-1.41). Six studies examined the association between baseline diabetes complications and subsequent depression, of which two involving over 230 000 participants were suitable for meta-analysis. The results showed that diabetes complications increased the risk of incident depressive disorder (HR=1.14; 95%CI: 1.07-1.21). The quality analysis showed increased risk of bias notably in the representativeness of selected cohorts and ascertainment of exposure and outcome.
Conclusions. Depression in people with diabetes is associated with an increased risk of incident macrovascular and microvascular complications. The relationship between depression and diabetes complications appears bi-directional. However, the risk of developing diabetes complications in depressed people is higher than the risk of developing depression in people with diabetes complications. The underlying mechanisms warrant further research.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Applied Health Psychology group
Item ID: 26914
Notes on copyright: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: A. Nouwen M. C. Adriaanse K. van Dam M. M. Iversen W. Viechtbauer M. Peyrot I. Caramlau A. Kokoszka K. Kanc M. de Groot G. Nefs F. Pouwer, Longitudinal associations between depression and diabetes complications: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Diabet. Med. 36: 1562–1572 (2019), which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.14054.
This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
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Depositing User: Arie Nouwen
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2019 11:26
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 19:01
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/26914

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