An Internet of Things based bed-egress alerting paradigm using wearable sensors in elderly care environment

Awais, Muhammad ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6421-9245, Raza, Mohsin, Ali, Kamran, Ali, Zulfiqar, Irfan, Muhammad, Chughtai, Omer, Khan, Imran ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8900-0888, Kim, Sunghwan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1762-5915 and Ur Rehman, Masood ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6926-7983 (2019) An Internet of Things based bed-egress alerting paradigm using wearable sensors in elderly care environment. Sensors, 19 (11). ISSN 1424-8220 (doi:10.3390/s19112498)

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Abstract

The lack of healthcare staff and increasing proportions of elderly population is alarming. The traditional means to look after elderly has resulted in 255,000 reported falls (only within UK). This not only resulted in extensive aftercare needs and surgeries (summing up to £4.4 billion) but also in added suffering and increased mortality. In such circumstances, the technology can greatly assist by offering automated solutions for the problem at hand. The proposed work offers an Internet of things (IoT) based patient bed-exit monitoring system in clinical settings, capable of generating a timely response to alert the healthcare workers and elderly by analyzing the wireless data streams, acquired through wearable sensors. This work analyzes two different datasets obtained from divergent families of sensing technologies, i.e., smartphone-based accelerometer and radio frequency identification (RFID) based accelerometer. The findings of the proposed system show good efficacy in monitoring the bed-exit and discriminate other ambulating activities. Furthermore, the proposed work manages to keep the average end-to-end system delay (i.e., communications of sensed data to Data Sink (DS)/Control Center (CC) + machine-based feature extraction and class identification + feedback communications to a relevant healthcare worker/elderly) below 1 10 th of a second.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article number = e2498 ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** History: accepted 27-05-2019; pub-electronic 31-05-2019. ** Licence for this article: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords (uncontrolled): elderly population, falls, accelerometer, radio-frequency identification (RFID), patient monitoring, Internet of things (IoT), ambulating activities
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer and Communications Engineering
Item ID: 26717
Notes on copyright: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2019 13:26
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2019 08:53
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/26717

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