Using a situation awareness approach to identify differences in the performance profiles of the world’s top two squash players and their opponents

Murray, Stafford, James, Nic, Pers, Janez, Mandeljc, Rok and Vuckovic, Goran (2019) Using a situation awareness approach to identify differences in the performance profiles of the world’s top two squash players and their opponents. Frontiers in Psychology, 10 . ISSN 1664-1078

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Abstract

Purpose
The pressure exerted on a squash player is a consequence of the quality of a shot coupled with the ability of the player to return the ball, namely, the coupling of the two players’ situation awareness (SA) abilities. SA refers to an awareness of all relevant sources of information, the ability to synthesize this information using domain knowledge and the ability to physically respond to a situation.

Methods
Matches involving the two best players in the world (n = 9) at the 2011 Rowe British Grand Prix, held in Manchester, United Kingdom were recorded and processed using Tracker software. Shot type, ball location, players’ positions on court and movement parameters between the time an opponent played a shot prior to the player’s shot to the time of the opponent’s following shot were captured 25 times per second. All shots (excluding serves and rally ending shots) produced five main SA clusters, similar to those presented by Murray et al. (2018), except a greater proportion of shots were categorized in the greater pressure clusters and less in the lower pressure ones.

Results
Individual matches were presented using cluster performance profile infographics which demonstrated how individual player’s performance profiles differed between matches.

Conclusion
It is suggested that it is the coupling, of the two player’s behaviors, that makes the examination of tactics so challenging. This inherently means that performance profiles vary in subtle ways, making consistent profiles that are independent of the opponent very unlikely for elite players. This approach should be further modified to determine within match changes in performance.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article number = 1036 ** From Frontiers via Jisc Publications Router ** History: collection 2019; received 27-01-2019; accepted 23-04-2019; epub 14-05-2019. ** Licence for this article: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords (uncontrolled): Psychology, situation awareness, performance profiles, squash shots, movement parameters, tactics
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute
Item ID: 26667
Notes on copyright: Copyright © 2019 Murray, James, Perš, Mandeljc and Vučković. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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SWORD Depositor: Jisc Publications Router
Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 28 May 2019 10:25
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2019 20:35
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/26667

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