Effects of maturation on lower limb neuromuscular asymmetries in elite youth tennis players

Madruga-Parera, Marc, Romero-Rodríguez, Daniel, Bishop, Chris, Beltran-Valls, Maria Reyes, Latinjak, Alex T. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4412-872X, Beato, Marco and Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe, Azahara ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5071-1084 (2019) Effects of maturation on lower limb neuromuscular asymmetries in elite youth tennis players. Sports, 7 (5). e106. ISSN 2075-4663 (doi:10.3390/sports7050106)

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Abstract

Neuromuscular asymmetries have been previously associated with reduced performance. Similarly, maturation has shown that youth athletes may experience a loss of motor control, which could also lead to compromised physical performance. The present study aimed to evaluate and quantify the level of asymmetry among chronological and maturational groups. Forty-one youth tennis players performed the single leg countermovement jump (SLCMJ), star excursion balance test (SEBT) and a change of direction speed (CODS) test. Differences were found between the strongest and weakest limbs across all tests (p 0.001), and also for SEBT in the posteromedial direction (p = 0.02), SEBT composite score (p 0.01) in maturation groups, and for SEBT posterolateral direction (p = 0.03) and SEBT composite score (p = 0.01) in chronological groups. The SLCMJ showed the largest inter-limb asymmetries for the circa peak height velocity (PHV) group (19.31 ± 12.19%) and under-14 (U14) group (17.55 ± 9.90%). Chronological and maturation groups followed similar trends for inter-limb asymmetries, but the biological index showed larger asymmetry scores in the jumping test at PHV compared to that found in the chronological group (U14). These results show that inter-limb differences may be heightened during PHV. Practitioners can use this information to inform the decision-making process when prescribing training interventions in youth tennis players.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article number = 106 ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** History: accepted 06-05-2019; pub-electronic 08-05-2019.
Keywords (uncontrolled): inter-limb differences, vertical jump, balance, change of direction
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute
Item ID: 26567
Notes on copyright: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 10 May 2019 10:05
Last Modified: 27 May 2019 14:45
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/26567

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