Dietary intake and lifestyle behavior in different phenotypes of polycystic ovarian syndrome: a case-control study

Amirjani, S., Asemi, Z., Bazarganipour, F., Aramesh, S., Allan, Helen T., Sayadi, M., Tabatabaei, M.-S., Mohamadian, Z., Zabti, F., Iranpak, N., Heydarzadeh, A., Taghavi, S. A., Badehnoosh, B. and Khashavi, Z. (2019) Dietary intake and lifestyle behavior in different phenotypes of polycystic ovarian syndrome: a case-control study. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics . ISSN 0952-3871 (Published online first)

[img] PDF - Final accepted version (with author's formatting)
Restricted to Repository staff and depositor only until 11 March 2020.

Download (532kB) |

Abstract

Objective: To compare dietary intake and lifestyle behaviour in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and healthy women.

Methods: 160 healthy women (partner with male infertility) were recruited to a control group; 168 women with PCOS (diagnosed on ultrasound) were recruited to a case study group for this cross-sectional comparative study. The case group was classified into three phenotypes based on presence or absence of menstrual disorder (M), hyperandrogenism (HA), and polycystic ovary according to sonography (PCO): HA+PCO (n=53), PCO+M (n=57) and M+HA+PCO (n=66). Dietary intake and lifestyle behaviour were measured using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and a lifestyle questionnaire (LQ).

Results: The mean energy (P<0.001) and fat intake (P<0.001) were greater in PCOS groups compared with the control group. The average energy and fat intake were greater in HA+M+PCO group after age and BMI adjustment compared with other phenotypes (P<0.001). In comparison with the control group, lifestyle scores were lower in the PCOS group in the fields of physical activity, weight and nutrition control after age and BMI adjustment (P<0.001). The average score of lifestyle in the fields of physical activity, weight and nutrition control, and psychological health was lower in the phenotype HA+M+PCO compared with other phenotypes (P<0.001).

Conclusions: Limited energy and fat intake is strongly recommended in Iranian women with PCOS especially in phenotype HA+M+PCO. Consultation on improvement of psychological health and the importance of weight and nutrition control, and appropriate physical activity in patients especially in HA+M+PCO is advocated.

Keywords: Lifestyle, polycystic ovarian syndrome, diet

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education > Adult, Child and Midwifery
Item ID: 26220
Notes on copyright: This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Amirjani S., Asemi Z., Bazarganipour F., Aramesh S., Allan H., Sayadi M., Tabatabaei M.‐S., Mohamadian Z., Zabti F., Iranpak N., Heydarzadeh A., Taghavi S.A., Badehnoosh B., Khashavi Z. (2019) Dietary intake and lifestyle behaviour in different phenotypes of polycystic ovarian syndrome: a case–control study. J Hum Nutr Diet. which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12646. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Helen Allan
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2019 13:25
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2019 19:32
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/26220

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item

Full text downloads (NB count will be zero if no full text documents are attached to the record)

Downloads per month over the past year