Finding the right management approach in independent hotels

Nazarian, Alireza, Atkinson, Peter, Foroudi, Pantea and Dennis, Karen (2019) Finding the right management approach in independent hotels. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management . ISSN 0959-6119 (Published online first) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-08-2018-0700)

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Abstract

Purpose
This study identifies factors that managers can influence to improve effectiveness by examining the relationship between leadership and effectiveness in small and medium sized independent hotels.

Design/methodology/approach
272 valid questionnaires were collected from managers of 83 small and medium sized independent hotels in the Netherlands using selective and snowball sampling techniques. A two-stage structural equation modelling approach was used to test the hypotheses.

Findings
Surprisingly, in contradiction to previous studies neither transactional nor transformational leadership had a direct effect on organisational effectiveness. Instead, the effect was through the intervening variables of ability to acquire resources and reward mechanisms.

Research limitations/implications
The contradiction between this and previous studies may be due to the constructs used in this study not having the universal applicability that is customarily assumed and further investigation is needed.

Practical/implications
Our study suggests that managers in this type of hotel, first, should be adaptable in their leadership style and not rely on transactional leadership alone; second, managers must pay attention to resource acquisition and, third, retain staff by using the right reward mechanism.

Originality/value
This study contributes to the literatures of leadership and effectiveness in small and medium sized independent hotels by being the first to focus on the impact of ability to acquire resources and reward mechanism. It also makes an important contribution to the growing body of hospitality literature that probes the supposed universal validity of organisational studies constructs.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > Business School > Marketing, Branding and Tourism
Item ID: 26177
Notes on copyright: This is the accepted version of the manuscript "Finding the right management approach in independent hotels", published in the journal "International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management" available via the journal site at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-08-2018-0700. This article is © Emerald Publishing Limited and permission has been granted for this version to appear here.
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Pantea Foroudi
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2019 14:29
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2019 14:54
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/26177

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