HPV8 early genes modulate differentiation and cell cycle of primary human adult keratinocytes.

Akgul, Baki and Ghali, Lucy and Davies, Derek and Pfister, Herbert and Leigh, Irene M. and Storey, Alan (2007) HPV8 early genes modulate differentiation and cell cycle of primary human adult keratinocytes. Clinical and experimental dermatology, 16 (7). pp. 590-599. ISSN 0307-6938

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Human papillomaviruses (HPV) have been associated with the development of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) but the molecular mechanisms of the role of the virus in NMSC development are not clearly understood. Abnormal epithelial differentiation seen in malignant transformation of keratinocytes is associated with changes in keratin expression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the phenotype of primary human adult keratinocytes expressing early genes of HPV8 with specific reference to their differentiation and cell cycle profile to determine whether early genes of HPV8 lead to changes that are consistent with transformation. The expression of HPV8 early genes either individually or simultaneously caused distinct changes in the keratinocyte morphology and induced an abnormal keratin expression pattern, that included simple epithelial (K8, K18, K19), hyperproliferation-specific (K6, K16), basal-specific (K14, K15) and differentiation-specific (K1, K10) keratins. Our results indicate that expression of HPV8 early genes disrupts the normal keratin expression pattern in vitro. Expression of HPV8-E7 alone caused polyploidy that was associated with decreased expression of p21 and pRb. Expression of individual genes or in combination differentially influenced cell morphology and cell cycle distribution which might be important in HPV8-induced keratinocyte transformation.

Item Type:Article
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17576239; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2423465.

Research Areas:A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biomarkers for Cancer group
Citations on ISI Web of Science:16
ID Code:2522
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Deposited On:18 Jun 2009 11:52
Last Modified:13 Mar 2015 14:47

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