Regulated expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription, Stat5, and its enhancement of PRL expression in human endometrial stromal cells in vitro

Mak, I. Y. H. and Brosens, Jan J. and Christian, Mark and Hills, Frank and Chamley, L. and Regan, Lesley and White, J. O. (2002) Regulated expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription, Stat5, and its enhancement of PRL expression in human endometrial stromal cells in vitro. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 87 (6). pp. 2581-2588. ISSN 0021-972X

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Official URL: http://jcem.endojournals.org/cgi/reprint/87/6/2581

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Abstract

Differentiation of human endometrium during the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle is characterized by expression of a variety of genes implicated in the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. An increased abundance of signal transducers and activators of transcription (Stats) in the secretory phase suggests Stat5 as a component of the differentiation of endometrium in response to ovarian hormone stimulation in vivo. Decidualization is initiated in a subset of endometrial stromal cells (ESC) in vivo during the secretory phase, but it is unclear whether regulated expression of Stat5 is a feature of these cells. Here, therefore, the abundance and subcellular distribution of Stat5 in ESC after a decidualization stimulus of cAMP plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) has been investigated in vitro. Western blotting revealed an increase in the apparent abundance of Stat5a and Stat5b, in the cytosolic and nuclear fractions, at 2, 3, and 4 d after stimulation. The potential functional relevance of this increase in Stat5 is suggested by the ability of transiently transfected Stat5a or Stat5b to significantly enhance the response of the decidual PRL promoter to cAMP/MPA and attenuation of the response to cAMP/MPA by dominant negative Stat5. Recent evidence suggests endometrial differentiation, including PRL production, as a possible target of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) prevalent in recurrent miscarriage. Monoclonal antibody, ID2, which has similar reactivity as human aPL, significantly decreased the apparent abundance of nuclear Stat5b in response to cAMP/MPA and was associated with decreased decidual PRL promoter activation and PRL secretion. Regulated expression of Stat5 is therefore a component of decidual differentiation of human ESC and contributes significantly to activation of the decidual PRL promoter. Alteration of this process by an aPL component suggests decidual differentiation as a potential clinical target in recurrent early miscarriages.

Item Type:Article
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PubMed PMID: 12050218.

Research Areas:School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Citations on ISI Web of Science:34
ID Code:2502
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Deposited On:17 Jun 2009 13:41
Last Modified:03 Feb 2014 08:13

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