Determination of natural penicillins in fermentation media by high-performance liquid chromatography using pre-column derivatisation with 1-hydroxybenzotriazole

Shah, Ajit J. and Adlard, Maxwell W. and Holt, Geoffrey (1988) Determination of natural penicillins in fermentation media by high-performance liquid chromatography using pre-column derivatisation with 1-hydroxybenzotriazole. Analyst, 113 (8). pp. 1197-1200. ISSN 0003-2654

Full text is not in this repository.

Abstract

The separation and determination of trace amounts of 6-aminopenicillanic acid (6-APAJ and penicillins G, V,X, K and penicillin G penicilloic acid in fermentation broths has been achieved using pre-columnderivatisation with 1 -hydroxybenzotriazole. Fermentation broth samples containing penicillins were mixedwith benzoic anhydride and left to stand at room temperature for 3 min. The latter step was essential for thestabilisation of derivatives of amino group-containing penicillins. The resulting mixtures were then treated
with aqueous 1 -hydroxybenzotriazole containing mercury(l1) chloride and incubated at 60 "C for 45 min.Aliquots of the resulting solutions were injected on to a reversed-phase C-18 column and separated by gradient elution using a mobile phase consisting of phosphate buffer, sodium thiosulphate and acetonitrile. Following separation, the derivatised penicillins were detected spectrophotometrically at 328 nm. This method is both sensitive and selective and allowed the simultaneous detection of penicillins G, V and X at concentrations down to 1 ng ml-1 with retention times of 35 min or less. The detection limits for 6-APA, penicillin K and penicillin G penicilloic acid were 10, 100 and 100 ng ml-1, respectively. Ten injections of
antibiotic-free broths which had been spiked with penicillins (1 pg ml-1) and subsequently derivatised gave peak area standard deviations of &10%for penicillins G, V, X, K and 6-APA. Ampicillin can be employed as an internal standard, and this together with all previously mentioned penicillins can be conveniently separated and detected using a gradient or isocratic HPLC procedure. The method described can also be used to determine simultaneously penicillin G penicilloic acid and penicillin G in the same solution.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 24443
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Ajit Shah
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 11:29
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 09:01
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/24443

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item