Meta-analytic findings reveal lower means but higher variances in visuospatial ability in dyslexia

Chamberlain, Rebecca, Brunswick, Nicola ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6652-5016, Siev, Joseph and McManus, I. Chris (2018) Meta-analytic findings reveal lower means but higher variances in visuospatial ability in dyslexia. British Journal of Psychology . ISSN 0007-1269 (Published online first) (doi:10.1111/bjop.12321)

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Abstract

Conflicting empirical and theoretical accounts suggest that dyslexia is associated with either average, enhanced, or impoverished high-level visuospatial processing relative to controls. Such heterogeneous results could be due to the presence of wider variability in dyslexic samples, which is unlikely to be identified at the single study level, due to lack of power. To address this, the current study reports a meta-analysis of means and variances in high-level visuospatial ability in 909 non-dyslexic and 956 dyslexic individuals. The findings suggest that dyslexia is associated not only with a lower mean performance on visuospatial tasks, but also with greater variability in performance. Through novel meta-analytic techniques, we demonstrate a negative effect size for mean differences (-.457), but a positive effect size for SD differences (+.118; SD ratio = 1.107). In doing so, this is the first study to demonstrate impoverished visuospatial processing of the majority of individuals with dyslexia in addition to greater variance in performance in this group. The findings advocate for further consideration of both the presence of, and reasons for, increased variance in perception, attention and memory across neurodevelopmental disorders.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Language, Learning and Cognition group
Item ID: 24411
Notes on copyright: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Chamberlain, R. , Brunswick, N. , Siev, J. and McManus, I. C. (2018), Meta‐analytic findings reveal lower means but higher variances in visuospatial ability in dyslexia. Br J Psychol. . doi:10.1111/bjop.12321, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12321. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
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Depositing User: Nicola Brunswick
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2018 14:14
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2019 00:29
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/24411

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