Validation of a 3D reconstruction algorithm for EIT of human brain function in a realistic head-shaped tank

Tidswell, A.T. and Gibson, Adam and Bayford, Richard and Holder, David S. (2001) Validation of a 3D reconstruction algorithm for EIT of human brain function in a realistic head-shaped tank. Physiological Measurement, 22 (1). pp. 177-185. ISSN 0967-3334

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Abstract

Previous work has demonstrated that electrical impedance tomography can be used to image human brain activity during evoked responses, but two-thirds of the reconstructed images fail to localize an impedance change to the expected stimulated cortical area. The localization failure may be caused by modelling the head as a homogenous sphere in the reconstruction algorithm. This assumption may lead to errors when used to reconstruct data obtained from the human head. In this study a 3D reconstruction algorithm, based on a model of the head as a homogenous sphere, was characterized by simulating the algorithm model, the head shape and the presence of the skull in saline-filled tanks. EIT images of a sponge, 14 cm3 volume with a resistivity contrast of 12%, were acquired in three different positions in tanks filled with 0.2% saline. In a hemispherical tank, 19 cm in diameter, the sponge was localized to within 3.4-10.7% of the tank diameter. In a head-shaped tank, the errors were between 3.1 and 13.3% without a skull and between 10.3 and 18.7% when a real human skull was present. A significant increase in localization error therefore occurs if an algorithm based on a homogeneous sphere is used on data acquired from a head-shaped tank. The increased error is due to the presence of the skull, as no significant increase in error occurred if a head-shaped tank was used without the skull present, compared to the localization error within the hemispherical tank. The error due to the skull significantly shifted the impedance change within the skull towards the centre of the image. Although the increased localization error due to the skull is not sufficient to explain the localization errors of up to 50% of the image diameter present in the images of some human subjects, the future use of a realistic head model in the reconstruction algorithm is likely to reduce the localization error in the human images due to the presence of the skull.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Citations on ISI Web of Science:36
ID Code:2421
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Deposited On:26 May 2009 10:59
Last Modified:03 Feb 2014 08:42

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